FAQs
In the first half of 2021, operating revenues of the Company amounted to RMB219.2 billion, representing an increase of 13.1% year-on-year. Service revenues amounted to RMB203.5 billion, representing an increase of 8.8% year-on-year and surpassing the industry’s average growth rate. EBITDA amounted to RMB66.3 billion, representing an increase of 5.1% over the same period of last year. Net profit amounted to RMB17.7 billion, representing an increase of 27.2% over the same period of last year. Excluding a one-off after-tax gain from the disposals of subsidiaries (the one-off after-tax gain from the disposals of E-surfing Pay Co., Ltd and China Telecom Leasing Corporation Limited was approximately RMB1.42 billion), net profit increased by 17.0% over the same period of last year. Basic earnings per share were RMB0.219. Free cash flow was RMB26.8 billion.
Led by 5G, the Company continued to deepen co-building and co-sharing, enrich its integrated intelligent information services under converged scenes, and establish the individual digital life covering entertainment, work and study. The Company also forged a high-quality experience for its 5G services, strengthened ecological cooperation, and comprehensively deployed the application and privilege portfolio for individual customers. Leveraging the edge of deepened integration of 5G and e-Surfing Cloud, the Company launched various differentiated and innovative applications such as AR/VR, Ultra HD, e-Surfing Cloud Drive, and cloud games to cultivate users’ 5G usage habits, propel enhancement in both scale and value of mobile subscribers, and expand the potential value space for future extensive adoption of the technical characteristics of 5G such as low latency and high speed.

In the first half of 2021, the Company’s mobile communications service revenues amounted to RMB93.3 billion, representing an increase of 6.9% over the same period of last year. The total number of mobile subscribers reached 362 million, representing a net addition of 11.47 million. The number of 5G package subscribers reached 131 million with a penetration rate of 36.2%, which continued to surpass the industry average level. The number of 5G feature-app subscribers increased rapidly, while users upgrading to 5G maintained sound value growth. Mobile ARPU has reversed its downward trend and continued to increase, which amounted to RMB45.7, representing an increase of 2.9% over the same period of last year. The growth rate further improved over that of the first quarter.
In the first half of 2021, the Company’s 5G CAPEX was RMB11.1 billion with 50 thousand base stations self-built, and 2021 5G CAPEX plan unchanged at RMB39.7 billion. The Company continued its cooperation with China Unicom on co-building and co-sharing of 5G networks. Making full use of the complementary network resources of both parties and the adjacent spectrums in 3.5GHz/2.1GHz, the Company rapidly enhanced the construction efficiency and coverage of its 5G network. The number of 5G base stations in use reached 460,000 and 5G network coverage will extend to counties and developed towns within this year. We continued to benefit from 5G co-building and co-sharing. Two parties already saved over RMB86 billion of CAPEX. Meanwhile, the two parties continued to conduct 4G network co-sharing with the total number of co-shared 4G base stations reaching 460,000. This further enhanced the quality of network coverage and saved network operating costs and investment. Two parties already saved over RMB24 billion of CAPEX.
With a focus on the digital life in all scenes, the Company developed integrated information services covering Smart Family, smart community and digital village. Based on its cloud-network integration capabilities, the Company created the high-quality “Triple-Gigabit” ubiquitous connectivity services, comprising 5G+Fibre Broadband+WiFi6. The Company built a Smart Family platform that aggregates different industry ecologies such as content, applications and smart home devices. The Company also created an engineering team for Smart Family to provide end-to-end DICT products and services for households, meeting their demands for a digitalised, network-based and smart digital family life. Capitalising on cloud-network integration, secure and reliable digital solutions, the Company proactively built up an informatisation service and governance system for smart community, while constructing digital village featuring intelligent production, smart life and digital governance.

In the first half of 2021, wireline and Smart Family service revenues of the Company amounted to RMB57.4 billion, representing an increase of 5.2% year-on-year. The total number of wireline broadband subscribers reached 164 million, while revenue from broadband access reached RMB38.1 billion, representing a year-on-year growth of 7.9%. Broadband access ARPU maintained the rebounce momentum, reaching RMB39.4 and representing an increase of 2.9% over the same period of last year. Revenue from Smart Family reached RMB7.2 billion, representing an increase of 32.9% over the same period of last year. The total number of Whole-home WiFi and e-Surfing Webcam subscribers grew 99.5% and 231.9% compared to the same period of last year respectively. The number of smart home devices managed by the Smart Family platform reached 270 million, representing an increase of 78.1% over the same period of last year. The broadband blended ARPU reached RMB46.8, representing an increase of 5.9% over the same period of last year. The value contribution from Smart Family has significantly enhanced.
Firmly seizing the opportunities emerging from the upgrade demands for digitalisation of the economy and society, the Company leveraged its unique edges in cloud-network integration and its vast reserves in the Industrial Digitalisation field to deeply integrate the essential elements of the digital economy with emerging information technologies to build a digitalised application platform. The Company repackaged its fundamental capabilities with 5G, e-Surfing Cloud and security as the core to enable numerous walks of life with intelligence injection and endowment. The Company formed an expert team with 36,000 staff to provide localised services, meeting customers’ demands for customisation in various use cases. In the first half of 2021, the growth of the Company’s Industrial Digitalisation accelerated, with its revenue reaching RMB50.1 billion, representing an increase of 16.8% over the same period of last year.

The value of 5G applications became visible, following an extensive, adoption in various fields such as government administration, finance, industry, society and livelihood. The Company’s three 5G customised network service modes, namely “Wide-area,” “Adjacent,” and “Wingspan”, fully demonstrated the characteristics of standalone (SA) network and significantly enhanced its customers’ operation and management efficiency through the intelligence injection and endowment to traditional industries. A series of benchmark projects in the areas of smart factories, mines, ports, power grids and cities among others, have been quickly replicated in many places across the country, with 5G business models based on network coverage area, computing resources, platform management, applications and services becoming increasingly diversified. In the first half of 2021, 5G applications in the government and enterprise area have gradually moved into the harvesting stage, with the number of 5G use cases being nearly doubled compared to the end of 2020. The market demand is expanding at an explosive pace.

The edge of e-Surfing Cloud has been reinforced on all fronts, becoming a cornerstone for building Cyberpower and Digital China. More than 50 key core technologies made breakthroughs in areas such as elastic computing, distributive storage, mega-scale data processing, and content delivery networks (CDN). The Company has teamed up with hundreds of ecological partners to create more than two hundred cloud products in computing, storage, network, database, CDN, device, Big Data and AI, while also established the full stack cloud service capabilities covering infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS), and software-as-a-service (SaaS). Up to now, 50 of the Company’s cloud resource pools have passed Grade 3 or above in the Network Security Graded Protection Assessment, while 66 resource pools received the top rating of five stars +. This reflects that the Company’s cloud is deeply trusted by customers. e-Surfing Cloud demonstrated significant differentiated market advantages in ubiquitous government administration clouds such as large-scale state-owned enterprise clouds, medical clouds and education clouds. In the first half of 2021, revenue from e-Surfing Cloud amounted to RMB14.0 billion, representing a year-on-year increase of 109.3% and maintaining the leading market position within the industry, of which revenues from PaaS and SaaS accounted for around 25%.
Taking shareholders’ return into full consideration, alongside the Company’s profitability, cash flow level and capital needs for its future development, the Board of Directors has decided that the Company’s profit to be distributed in cash for the year 2021 shall be no less than 60% of the profit attributable to equity holders of the Company for that year. Within three years after A-share offering and listing, the profit to be distributed in cash for each year will gradually increase to 70% or above of the profit attributable to equity holders of the Company for that year. At the same time, an interim dividend will be declared and paid starting from year 2022. The Board of Directors has full confidence in the Company’s future development and believes that the Company will continue to create value for its shareholders by virtue of its good profitability and cash flow generation capability, as well as its effective capital expenditure control.
The Company continued to optimise investment structure to focus on new development drivers. CAPEX in 2020 was RMB84.8 billion. Of which, 5G CAPEX was RMB39.2 billion. CAPEX in 2021 is budgeted at RMB87.0 billion, a minor increase of 2.6% from 2020. Of which, 5G CAPEX budget is RMB39.7 billion.

In 2021, the Company’s investment focuses on 5G, yet with strong commitment to co-build and co-share, the CAPEX size is basically flat versus last year. Meanwhile, the Company proactively commenced 4G network co-building and co-sharing, in a bid to further enhance network coverage, save CAPEX and operating and maintenance expenses, hence 4G investment decreased significantly by 83.3%. The investment of the Company’s booming Industrial Digitalisation business increased by 67% yoy, with planned addition of 52 thousand IDC cabinets and 100 thousand cloud servers.
In the first half of 2021, the Company strengthened its unified deployment of cloud and Internet Data Centre (IDC) resources according to the “2+4+31+X+O” layout. The Company continued to deploy IDC on a large scale around core cities in the four most economically developed regions in China, namely Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau, and Sichuan-Chongqing-Shaanxi. The number of data centres exceeded 700, while the number of cabinets serving external customers reached 430,000 units, above 80% of which were deployed in the four economically developed regions. The Company has the greatest number and widest distribution of IDC resources in China, with prominent data-oriented characteristic and significant efficiently-centralised edges. At the same time, leveraging its resources of 60,000 exchange buildings and integrated access offices, the Company built edge nodes to deploy its edge computing capabilities, while establishing its servicing capabilities of cloud polymorphism, including public cloud, private cloud, dedicated cloud and hybrid cloud. In this way, the Company formed an edge in providing integrated digital solutions based on cloud-edge collaboration to satisfy customers’ demands for low latency, data localisation, security, and differentiated services.

The Company continued its deployment of Gigabit fibre broadband in over 300 cities, as well as its deployment of overseas network nodes. It completed the construction of an all-fibre transmission ROADM network with the greatest capacity in the world, covering the entire country and key overseas regions. The Company also completed the construction of two premium networks, including the CN2-DCI network that connects all e-Surfing Cloud resource pools and key data centres as well as the OTN network for government and enterprise customers. Leveraging its edges in satellite communications network resources, the Company continued to integrate its mobile, fibre broadband and satellite networks to build a unified information network infrastructure covering land, sea, air and space. The Company achieved in-depth integration of cloud resource pools and network capabilities, with its end-to-end differentiated cloud-network servicing capabilities becoming increasingly significant.
The Company deepened its research and development (R&D) system reforms, innovated incentive mechanism and stimulated vitality for sci-tech innovation. Focusing on its technological development objectives, the Company increased its investment intensity in R&D, elevated the input and output efficiency of R&D resources. With building a sci-tech company as the objective, the Company pushed forward corporate development driven by sci-tech achievements. The Company innovated its R&D mechanism and promoted the chief technician as person in charge system, the “open competition” system as well as the “horse racing” mechanism for major R&D projects. The Company strengthened its own problem-tackling efforts for core technologies and reinforced its challenge-confronting efforts for core technologies in key areas such as cloud computing, AI, cloud-network integration, 5G, digitalisation as well as network and information security. In the first half of the year, the number of newly applied patents increased significantly. The Company’s proprietary distributive storage of e-Surfing Cloud obtained ISO27040 certification, making it the first cloud storage service provider in China to gain this certification. The Company’s proprietary database has the hyper-scale processing capabilities that can support the hosting of billions of users and tens of millions of concurrent services. e-Surfing Cloud CDN has provided content distribution service for a number of leading Internet companies. The Company conducted proprietary R&D of products such as MEC platform, UPF, 5G frequency-shifting MIMO, overcame roadblocks in key technologies such as cloud-edge collaboration and low-cost indoor coverage, which effectively reduced network construction and operation costs. The Company developed a proprietary online and offline omni-channel digitalised operation platform, with 95% of its offline businesses having been brought online. The Company continued to optimise the planning of its sci-tech innovation and collaborated with partners from the ecosystem to carry out research for key technologies as well as cooperative innovation among industry, academia, R&D institutes and customers, leading to in-depth cooperation in the fields such as cloud and cloud-network operating systems, future network, network and information security and business innovation.
The Company will continue to seize the new development stage, insist on the new development philosophy and establish the new development pattern. Capturing the current important period of strategic opportunities, the Company will strive to transform its model of development and growth to become a service-oriented, technology-oriented and secured enterprise. Taking A-share IPO as an opportunity, the Company will deepen its “Cloudification and Digital Transformation” strategy, expand its customer-oriented integrated intelligent information services, and pursue breakthroughs in key technologies and accumulation for the next generation technologies. The Company will also build core capabilities for sci-tech innovation, construct the green and low-carbon new information infrastructure featuring cloud-network integration and leverage its digitalised platform to empower the green development of numerous walks of life. The Company will introduce strategic investors with synergies to build the industry and capital ecologies with strong alliance and open cooperation. The Company will also carry out system and mechanism reforms to stimulate its corporate vitality and intrinsic motivation, reinforce the solid foundation of network and information security, and strive to build the cornerstone for the development of digital economy. The Company will also facilitate the construction of Cyberpower and Digital China, safeguard network and information security and promote rural revitalisation. The Company will create a better digital life for customers and share the results of its high-quality development with shareholders.

Last updated on 27 August 2021

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